Asparagus (60 photos): types and features of care
You probably know that asparagus is the real name for ordinary asparagus. It would seem, how do indoor flowers relate to it? In fact, Asparagus is a whole family, and asparagus is a large and diverse genus, which has several hundred species! We tell in more detail!
The genus of asparagus is distributed literally in all climatic zones and on all continents. Although most often it is found in Asia, Europe and Africa. In some latitudes, it is even grown on special plantations, but this applies to edible varieties.
Asparagus is a perennial, but in shape it can be a shrub, vine or herbaceous plant. Instead of leaves on thin stems, the same thin and flexible shoots diverge. They resemble elongated needles and are called treasures. By all external parameters, asparagus resembles a lily, but with a wide branched rhizome.
Asparagus blooms with pale small flowers, and then scarlet berries form. Moreover, the flowers are single and bisexual, even within the same bush. But keep in mind that at home on the windowsill to achieve flowering is almost impossible.
Types of Asparagus
Hundreds of asparagus species differ markedly between their range and appearance. Among them there are edible varieties that are grown on an industrial scale. And there are decorative ones that adorn gardens, interiors, and even bouquets or floral arrangements.
This is a tropical African variety with curly shoots that are highly branched. Small leaves resemble cirrus scales up to half a centimeter in length. Thin cladodes extend to one and a half centimeters and grow in groups of up to twelve. Externally, a separate shoot due to its specific form resembles a leaf of fern.
This is a tall, beautiful and vibrant view that grows to 2 meters. Cladades are also collected in groups and resemble spruce needles. Flower brushes are notable for not so decorative properties, as a gentle pleasant aroma.
The creeper-shaped liana-like variety resembles succulent slightly, especially during flowering. In nature, flexible creeping shoots stretch up to 15 meters, in a room - up to 4. Large long clodes (up to 8 cm) are fluffed at an impressive distance from each other.
This species is also called densely flowered, because in nature it blooms with plentiful loose inflorescences of white or pink color. It is a creeping shrub native to moist African mountains. Long stems up to a meter and a half do not stretch up, but spread on the ground.
This is a rare variety in which cladodes do not resemble needles, but ordinary and rather large leaves of an ovoid shape. Asparagus asparagus is grown as ampelous, but if you want it to stretch upwards, it needs strong support. An interesting feature of bright orange-red fruits is the characteristic citrus smell.
This is the most common species in temperate latitudes, which is also called the common asparagus. Grassy shoots can be compact and tall - from 30 to 150 cm. The stems are smooth and densely covered with bunches of thin fibrous clodes.
Ornamental shrubs are often grown in gardens and plots because they are lush, voluminous and vibrant. Tall shoots extend up to half a meter and are covered with small thin clodes along the entire length. Each of them remembers not that racemose inflorescence, not just a fluffy brush.
Another beautiful decorative variety, which stretches up neat shrubs from half to one and a half meters. It is soft, rich dark green in color and resembles juniper. Treasure grows densely and in one plane.
Asparagus is completely unpretentious to any conditions, therefore it survives in open ground and flowerpots. It easily tolerates winter frosts and is reborn every year with warming. And all because the plant has a very powerful root system that stores enough resources.
Asparagus will not kill either heat or frost in moderation, but they can affect its decorative properties. Make sure that in summer the temperature does not rise above 25 degrees. If the flowerpot winters in a warm room from 15 degrees, leaves can periodically fly around it - this is the norm. The main thing is to immediately remove all dried shoots so that they do not transfer resources and do not contribute to the development of diseases.
Asparagus loves bright light and warmth, so feel free to bring it east and west in the apartment. The plant does not tolerate direct rays, but this applies to almost all indoor flowers. Closer to summer, take the pot out into the fresh air, but start gradually, from a few hours a day.
In the active season, water the asparagus every time the top coat dries. It is best to do this through a pallet and the water will not stagnate in an earthen coma. In cold weather, watering is reduced to a minimum: it is enough to ensure that the lump does not dry out completely.
Asparagus loves high humidity, so it can be sprayed from a spray bottle. Better do it in the morning and evening, while it is not too hot. You can add wet stones or moss to the pallet, or use a humidifier.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Asparagus grows quite actively and wildly, so it requires regular feeding. In the peak season - weekly, in the fall - twice less. Fertilizers are needed even in winter, just even less often - after a month. Be sure to dilute the mixture so that they are weakly concentrated.
Transplantation and reproduction
Until the bush is “knocked” for 4-5 years, it will have to be replanted regularly every spring. After that, you can reduce the frequency by half or three. The rhizome of asparagus is developing rapidly, so in a year it will become crowded in its pot.
It is possible to plant a new asparagus from seeds, but this method is not in use among amateur gardeners - it is long and difficult. The easiest way to divide a large bush into a couple of parts when you transplant it. You can even shorten the roots a little so that they fit in the flowerpot.
Cuttings for propagation are also harvested from spring. Take from the bush several strong long stems about 10 cm and plant in the sand. Then for a month and a half they need to be placed in heat under the film in a bright sunny place. Do not forget to water and air the seedlings, and maintain the temperature at about 20-22 degrees. After this, the cuttings can be planted in flowerpots and transferred to normal daily care.
Asparagus stalks cannot be pruned because they will no longer grow. Their number is inherent in the root system before the start of growth, and it does not increase with time. You will not do anything with this fact - this is a feature of the plant.
Seasonal pruning is carried out during transplantation at the beginning of winter. Cut off all too old, sluggish and weak shoots, leafless shoots and painful stems. Then the plant will direct all resources to the growth of the young, in order to blossom again in all its glory.
Pest and Disease Control
Asparaguses rarely get sick, and in 99% of cases this is due to improper care. It discards leaves due to too bright light or dry air. Under aggressive direct rays on a hot day, burns and yellow edges may appear. Of the parasites, only a spider mite is found, from which standard insecticides or folk remedies will help.
Asparagus - photo
Asparagus in a room or in a garden is primarily a spectacular ornamental plant. In our latitudes, many do not know about him and, as a result, they underestimate him. Completely in vain!